Bài giảng Tiếng Anh 6 - Unit 3: Ways of socialising

For verbs, stress is often put on the second syllable.

Ex: attract, begin, discuss

-For noun or adjectives, stress is often put on the first syllable.

Ex: polite, signal, English

 

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Look at these picturesand guess whatthey are doing.Lesson 5 : Language focusSaturday, September 18th , 2010Unit 3: WAYS OF SOCIALISING Pronunciation : Stress in two-syllable words Grammar: Reported speechPronunciation* Listen and repeat.AttractDiscuss Suppose Waving Walking Pointing Signal InstanceStudent Polite Police Between[ə'trổkt][dis'kʌs][sə'pouz]['weiviη]['wɔ:kiη]['pɔintiη]['signəl]['instəns]['stju:dnt][pə'lait][pə'li:s][bi'twi:n]COMMON RULES: For verbs, stress is often put on the second syllable.Ex: attract, begin, discuss For noun or adjectives, stress is often put on the first syllable.Ex: polite, signal, EnglishLinda Cupple is a social worker in my village.William Makepeace Thackeray was a famous British writer.David Warren is Linda’s teacher’s doctor.Janet is having a number of problems.Michael is sailing across the river.Jenny is waiting for Michael to return.* Practise reading these sentences:Grammar: Reported Speech1. Change in pronouns:- I/We  SubjectEx: I  He/She; me  him/her, my  his/her We  They; us  them; our  their- You  ObjectEx: You (S)  He/She/I/We/They You (O)  him/her/me your  his/her/my/our/their- He/She/It/They  ứ2. Changes in tenses:Direct speechReported speechPresent simplePast simplePresent progressivePast progressivePast simplePast simple/Past perfectPast progressivePast progressive/Past perfect progressivePresent perfectPast perfectPresent perfect progressive Past perfect progressivePast perfect Past perfectPast perfect progressivePast perfect progressive3. Changes in time, place and demonstrative heads:Direct speechReported speechtimenowtodaytonighttomorrowyesterdaylast night two days agothen/immediatelythat daythat nightthe next/following daythe day before/the previous daythe night beforetwo days before/earlierplaceheretheredemonstrative headsthisthesethatthoseKINDS OF REPORTED SPEECHImperative:a. Positive: S + asked / told / ordered / + O + to Vo b. Negative: S + asked / told / ordered / + O + not + to Vo Ex: He said to them, “Don't tell me such a nonsense!” He told them not to tell him such a nonsense.Notes: Vo  to Vo Don’t Vo  not to Vo 2. Statement: S + told + O / said + (that) + S + V (lựi 1 thỡ)Ex: ”I have just bought you a new hat,” my mother said to me. => My mother told me/said that she had just bought me a new hat. 3. Yes/No question: S + asked + O + if/whether + S + V(lựi 1 thỡ)Ex: ”Have you ever been to Europe before?” my friend asked me. => My friend asked me if I had ever been to Europe before. 4. Wh question: S + asked +O+ Wh-word + S + V(lựi 1 thỡ)Ex: “How many books did you buy yesterday?” my mother asked my sister. => My mother asked my sister how many books she had bought the previous day.5. Advice: S + should/had better/ought to/be supposed + V0 or If I were you/ I would + V/ Why don’t you=> S + advised (sb) + to do sth Ex: “ You should clean your room tomorrow,” my mother said. My mother advised me to clean my room the following day 6. Suggestion: Let’s/why don’t we/shall we + V0 or What/ how about + Ving S + suggested (that)+ S+ should +V0S + suggested + Ving Ex: “ Why don’t we tell her the truth?” he said. => He suggested telling her the truth.7. Greeting: S + said “ Hello/Good.” + to sb Ex: “ Good morning,how are you?” he said to me. =>He said “good morning” to me and asked how I was.8.Offer : S + offered + to do sth Ex: “Shall I take off your coat?”,I said to her.  I offered to take off her coat.9. Apology: I’m sorry for sth => S + apologized for doing sth Ex: " I am sorry for being late" => He apologized for being late. 10. Invitation : 	- Would you like sth 	- Have sth 	- Will you have sth 	- Would you like to do sth - Could you do sth => S + invited sb + to do sth Ex: "Would you like to go to the cinema with me?“ he said to me. => He invited me to go to the cinema with him. 11.Thanks:S + thanked + O + for + VingEx: “ It was very nice of you to give me the present. Thank you,” Lan said to Nam. Lan thanked Nam for giving her the present.Reported speech with to infinitive S + V + O + (not) to infinitive(Verbs: advise, encourage, persuade, order, warn, expect, tell)Reported speech with gerund S + V + (O) + prep + (not) Ving (Verbs: thank sb for, accuse sb of, congratulate sb on, warn sb against, apologize sb for, dream of, object to, prevent/stop sb from) GrammarExercise :1“ going to work in Ho Chi Minh City .”Tell your friend what Thuan said:I’mI’mnext Julynext JulyThuan said going to work in Ho Chi Minh City .he wasthe next July“ for a big company.”Iwork2. Thuan said for a big company.Iworkheworked“ their marketing manager.” I’m3. Thuan said their marketing manager.I’mhe was“The company an office in Ho Chi Minh City.” has opened4. Thuan said the company an office in Ho Chi Minh City.has openedhad opened“It very successful.” has been5. Thuan said it very successful.has beenhad been“I chosen to run an office in District 5.” ’ve been6. Thuan said he chosen to run an office in District 5 .’ve beenhad been“How long learning English?” have you been7. Thuan asked me how long I learning English.have you beenhad been“I much time to enjoy myself. run an office in.” don’t have8. Thuan said he much time to enjoy himself.don’t havedidn’t have“I hope you will come and visit me in Ho Chi Minh City.9. Thuan hoped I would come and visit him in Ho Chi Minh City. “I hope I will be successful in Ho Chi Minh City.9. Thuan hoped he would be successful in Ho Chi Minh City. TungLan2. “I’m upset, too.”3. “I’m not interested.”4. “He promised to go to the cinema.5. “but he didn’t turn up.”6. “I don’t want to see you again.”7. “I don’t believe he did.”8. “I’ ll talk to him later.”9. “I must be going now otherwise I’ll be late for school.”EXERCISE 2:2. was upset3. was not interested4. had promised to go to the cinema 5. hadn’t turned up6. didn’t want to see you7. she didn’t believe you tried8. she would talk to you later 9. she had to go now otherwise she would be late for school.KEY:TUANTUNGthesemustnowmayherewillmightthenwouldtherehad tothoseabf1edc64532thesemustnowmayherewillmightthenwouldtherehad tothoseHomeworkDo Test yourself ADo exercises in the workbookTHANKS FOR YOUR ATTENDINGThank you for your attention!

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